ADOLESCENCE PREGNANCY AND MATERNAL MENTAL HEALTH

Brindusa Ilinca MITOIU MD,Ph.D. , Roxana NARTEA MD,Ph.D., Adriana Sarah NICA1,2 MD,Ph.D.

1. University of Medicine and Farmacy “ Carol Davila” -9 Clinic Department, 2. National Institute of Recovery, Physical Medicine and Balneoclimatology III

Abstract

Background: Recently, both at national and European level, there is an increased social tolerance towards this serious social and medical phenomenon represented by pregnancy in adolescents. Underage mothers frequently face the problem of social isolation, being stigma- tized and blamed by the community, they have little opportunity to continue their studies in order to obtain a profession and, implicitly, financial independence. In most cases, the birth of a child during this stage of a girl’s life increases the risk of poverty and social vulnerabi- lity, both for the mother and her child.

The purpose of this study is to describe the variation and trend of births in the Depart- ment of Obstetrics of a state hospital in Bucharest and to assess the impact of birth on the psycho-emotional status of adolescent mothers in postpartum

Results: Adolescents who become mothers have a higher risk of occurence and developing an anxiety and depression disorder compared to adult mothers, whether we relate to pregnancy or to postpartum. The high percentage of adolescent mothers emphasizes, once again, the need for firm and clear measures in order to implement a national program on the introduction and study of sex education in school curricula. The approach of teenaged mothers must be done in a multidisciplinary team and there is a need to organize support groups, but also information campaigns on sex education.

Keywords: terest.
mental health, pregnancy, adolescence, underage mothers, human body biology

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